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What kinds of varicose veins are there?

Venous pathology can manifest itself in many ways. It can appear as superficial venous dilations or varicose veins.

There may exist an oedema or a swelling of the legs with or without pain. Small different-sized skin or superficial capillary blotches may appear. These are cosmetic defects known as variculas or vascular spiders.

Another sign of venous failure is the lymphatic pathology.

Reticular veins
These are a bluish green colour, and can be seen through the skin. They may be incipient varicose veins or subcutaneous veins that are very visible in fair skin. They rarely become complicated and tend not to show any symptoms.

Primary trunk varicose veins
These are prominent, bulging dilations which are more evident when standing. They can become complicated by provoking thrombophlebitis and eventually contribute to the appearance of skin disorders (ulcers, fibrosis, changes in colour).

Secondary or recurrent trunk varicose veins
These are dilated veins that appear after a varicose vein operation has been done. Sometimes they appear precociously and in a great number of different locations.

Postphlebitic varicose veins
These are venous dilations that appear after the patient has suffered an episode of venous thrombosis. Their appearance shows an advanced degree of venous failure and very often they should not be operated on.

Variculas and telangiectasias
Actually, these are not varicose veins. They are small dilations of the capillaries in the skin’s most superficial layers.